Corns and Calluses: Signs, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Corns and calluses are protective layers of thickened skins formed in response to repeated pressure or friction. What differentiates a corn from a callus is its placement. A corn is a thickened layer of skin on the top or side of your toe, while a callus is a thickened layer of skin on the sole of your foot. Neither is a serious medical condition.

Signs and Symptoms of Corns and Calluses

•      Skin is thick and hardened

•      Skin may be flaky and dry

Treatment and Prevention of Corns and Calluses

Reducing the friction that caused the corn or callus is the best form of treatment and future prevention. For example, if your corn was caused by a shoe that does not fit properly, changing to a new shoe should eliminate the corn within a couple of weeks. Other self-care home remedies include:

•      Place protective covering or bandages over the sore to decrease friction on the skin until the sore heals. This can be done with a donut-shaped corn pads (available in most pharmacies).

•      Apply moisturizing agents such as lotions to dry calluses and corns.

•      Rub sandpaper disks or pumice stone over hard thickened regions.

•      Avoid stress to hands or feet by using gloves or changing shoes or socks.

•      Soak feet or hands in warm soapy water to soften corns and calluses.

With proper care, your corn or callus should fade away in a few weeks. However, if the affected area becomes infected or if an ulcer occurs, contact your podiatrist as soon as possible. They will be able to remove the unhealthy tissue and prescribe an antibiotic for the infection.

Take care of your feet and they will take care of you!

If you have any other questions or wish to schedule an appointment, contact We Treat Feet Podiatry by clicking here to view our various locations and phone numbers!

We Treat Feet! That’s what we do. From the simplest nail problems, to the most complex foot deformities, we provide exceptional care in a kind and compassionate manner. We offer board certified physicians that have spent years learning the intricate structures and functions of the human foot and ankle. No knees or elbows here, only the best foot and ankle care available in Maryland.

From heel pain, bunions, Sports medicine injuries, broken bones, neuromas, hammertoes, and flatfeet to Achilles tendon problems, we have the most modern technology available to help you, including digital x-ray, diagnostic ultrasound, and vascular testing equipment.

Our physician team offers treatments for people of all ages, from infants to seniors. No foot is too big, no problem is too big, because remember, We Treat Feet!

You can check us out on Facebook and Twitter as well!

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Corns and Calluses Treatment

Corns and Calluses

 

Cellulitis: Signs, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Cellulitis is a common skin infection that occurs when bacteria – primarily staphylococcus and streptococcus – enters the body through cracking or peeling skin, insect or animal bites, or wounds or cuts.

Signs and Symptoms of Cellulitis

•      Fever

•      Chills or shaking

•      Sweating

•      Fatigue

•      Pain or tenderness

•      Hair loss at the site of infection

•      Redness

•      Inflammation

•      Joint stiffness

•      Sudden rash

•      Stretched looking skin

•      Warmness in the affected area

•      General ill feeling

•      Nausea and vomiting

If you experience any combination of the above symptoms, schedule an appointment with your podiatrist at your earliest convenience.

Treatment for Cellulitis

For the most part, treatment will involve the use of antibiotics. Cellulitis usually goes away with 7 – 10 days of antibiotics, however, hospitalization may be necessary if:

•      You are very sick (for example, you have a very high temperature, blood pressure problems, or nausea and vomiting that does not go away)

•      You have been on antibiotics and the infection is getting worse

•      Your immune system is not working well (due to cancer, HIV)

•      You require antibiotics through a vein (IV)

Preventing Cellulitis

You can try to prevent cellulites and other skin infections by following these tips:

•      To prevent cracking, use lotions or ointments.

•      Wear comfortable shoes that fit your foot.

•      Keep your toenails trimmed and avoid irritating the skin around your toenails.

•      Wear protective equipment when at work or playing sports.

In the event of a break in the skin, do the following:

1.   Clean the break with soap and water.

2.   Apply an antibiotic cream or ointment.

3.   Cover the break with a bandage and change it everyday until the wound scabs over.

4.   Watch for signs of Cellulitis.

5.   If you notice any signs or symptoms of Cellulitis, call your podiatrist.

If you have any other questions or wish to schedule an appointment, contact We Treat Feet Podiatry by clicking here to view our various locations and phone numbers!

We Treat Feet! That’s what we do. From the simplest nail problems, to the most complex foot deformities, we provide exceptional care in a kind and compassionate manner. We offer board certified physicians that have spent years learning the intricate structures and functions of the human foot and ankle. No knees or elbows here, only the best foot and ankle care available in Maryland.

From heel pain, bunions, Sports medicine injuries, broken bones, neuromas, hammertoes, and flatfeet to Achilles tendon problems, we have the most modern technology available to help you, including digital x-ray, diagnostic ultrasound, and vascular testing equipment.

Our physician team offers treatments for people of all ages, from infants to seniors. No foot is too big, no problem is too big, because remember, We Treat Feet!

You can check us out on Facebook and Twitter as well!

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Cellulitis

Cellulitis

Bunions: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

A common deformity of the big toe joint, a bunion typically forms when the great toe begins to point towards the smaller toes. This is often due to the wearing of tight shoes, which leads to a bunching of the toes. This bunching puts pressure on the great toe joint, pushing it outward and thus forming a bunion.

Because of the make of many women’s shoes – often tight, pointed, or confining – women are more frequently affected with bunions.

Symptoms of Bunions

•      Red, calloused skin along the inside edge of the big toe

•      A bony bump on the outside of the big toe

•      Joint pain, aggravated by pressure

•      Big toe pointed inward

Treatment of Bunions

If you experience any of the above symptoms, schedule an appointment with your podiatrist at your earliest convenience. Odds are he/she will have you try the following early bunion treatment solutions:

•      Padding: This is the first and most important step in terms of early treatment.

•      Wearing wide-toed shoes

•      Orthoses (shoe inserts): These may be used to reduce abnormal foot movement and may reduce bunion symptoms.

•      Medication: Anti-inflammatory drugs or cortisone injections may be prescribed to ease pain and inflammation.

•      Physical Therapy: ultrasound treatment, whirlpool baths or other techniques can also provide temporary relief

These early treatment tricks will often solve your bunion problem and prevent the need for further medical intervention. However, if the situation doesn’t resolve itself – or if you experience severe deformity and pain – contact your podiatrist right away. Surgery to realign the toe and remove the bony bump (bunionectomy) may be your last option.

If you have any other questions or wish to schedule an appointment, contact We Treat Feet Podiatry by clicking here to view our various locations and phone numbers!

We Treat Feet! That’s what we do. From the simplest nail problems, to the most complex foot deformities, we provide exceptional care in a kind and compassionate manner. We offer board certified physicians that have spent years learning the intricate structures and functions of the human foot and ankle. No knees or elbows here, only the best foot and ankle care available in Maryland.

From heel pain, bunions, Sports medicine injuries, broken bones, neuromas, hammertoes, and flatfeet to Achilles tendon problems, we have the most modern technology available to help you, including digital x-ray, diagnostic ultrasound, and vascular testing equipment.

Our physician team offers treatments for people of all ages, from infants to seniors. No foot is too big, no problem is too big, because remember, We Treat Feet!

You can check us out on Facebook and Twitter as well!

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Bunions

Athlete’s Foot (Tinea Pedis): Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Tinea Pedis, better known as Athlete’s Foot, is a skin disease caused by a fungal infection of the foot (usually between the toes).

Symptoms of Athlete’s Foot

•      Cracked, Flaking, or Peeling Skin

•      Red and Itchy Skin

•      Burning or Stinging Pain

•      Oozing or Crusty Blisters

•     Discolored, Thick and even Crumbling Toenails

Athlete’s foot is highly contagious and can be passed either through direct contact or contact with items like shoes, socks, shower floors, etc.

Treatment of Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot is very treatable with over-the-counter antifungal powders or creams and proper foot hygiene. However, if your fungus condition does not respond to proper foot hygiene or self-care within 1-2 weeks, call We Treat Feet Podiatry. We will determine if the fungus is the cause of the problem. If it is, a specific treatment plan, including the prescription of antifungal medication. A biopsy of the area may be needed in some cases to determine if a fungal infection is present.

If the infection is caused by bacteria, antibiotics, such as penicillin, that are effective against a broad spectrum of bacteria may be prescribed.

Preventing Athlete’s Foot

It is not easy to prevent Athlete’s Foot since the disease is usually contracted in dressing rooms, public showers, or swimming pools. However, there are several steps you can take to better protect your feet from this fungal infection, including:

•      Practice good foot hygiene: Wash your feet daily with soap and water and dry carefully.

•      Change your shoes and socks frequently to decrease moisture.

•      Wear sandals or swim shoes in public swimming pools or showers.

•      Wear shoes that are well ventilated and avoid plastic-lined shoes.

•      Use anyfungal or drying powder if you are susceptible to contracting Athlete’s Foot.

If you have any other questions or wish to schedule an appointment, contact We Treat Feet Podiatry by clicking here to view our various locations and phone numbers!

We Treat Feet! That’s what we do. From the simplest nail problems, to the most complex foot deformities, we provide exceptional care in a kind and compassionate manner. We offer board certified physicians that have spent years learning the intricate structures and functions of the human foot and ankle. No knees or elbows here, only the best foot and ankle care available in Maryland.

From heel pain, bunions, Sports medicine injuries, broken bones, neuromas, hammertoes, and flatfeet to Achilles tendon problems, we have the most modern technology available to help you, including digital x-ray, diagnostic ultrasound, and vascular testing equipment.

Our physician team offers treatments for people of all ages, from infants to seniors. No foot is too big, no problem is too big, because remember, We Treat Feet!

You can check us out on Facebook and Twitter as well!

Sources:

Athlete’s Foot

Prevent Ingrown Toenails in Children

Ingrown toenails, also known as onychocryptosis or unguis incarnates, are one the most common foot problems when it comes to children. This painful condition occurs when the sharp corner of the toenail digs into the skin at the end of the toe.

Symptoms of Ingrown Toenails Include:

•      Pain

•      Redness

•      Inflammation

•      Extra skin and tissue will grow around the sharp point of the nail

•      Yellowish discharge

But there is a simple solution to avoiding this painful problem – better shoes. Avoiding tight shoes and socks is the first step to avoiding ingrown toenails. Below are a few additional tips from the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons:

Toenail Trimming: Teach children how to trim their toenails properly – in a fairly straight line without cutting them too short – and explain the importance of doing this regularly. It is up to you, the parent, to instill these values in your child.

Does the Shoe Fit? Remember that shoe width is more important than length.

Talk to Your Child: Many children hide their ingrown toenails from their parents.

If your child develops an ingrown toenail, reduce the inflammation by soaking the foot in water (room temperature) and gently massaging the side of the nail fold. Then call a podiatrist. In the end, the only way to properly treat an ingrown toenail is through a minor medical procedure.

If left untreated, an ingrown toenail can progress to an infection or abscess. So if you feel your child may be suffering from an ingrown toenail, do not hesitate to schedule an appointment with your podiatrist as soon as possible.

If you have any other questions or wish to schedule an appointment, contact We Treat Feet Podiatry by clicking here to view our various locations and phone numbers!

We Treat Feet! That’s what we do. From the simplest nail problems, to the most complex foot deformities, we provide exceptional care in a kind and compassionate manner. We offer board certified physicians that have spent years learning the intricate structures and functions of the human foot and ankle. No knees or elbows here, only the best foot and ankle care available in Maryland.

From heel pain, bunions, Sports medicine injuries, broken bones, neuromas, hammertoes, and flatfeet to Achilles tendon problems, we have the most modern technology available to help you, including digital x-ray, diagnostic ultrasound, and vascular testing equipment.

Our physician team offers treatments for people of all ages, from infants to seniors. No foot is too big, no problem is too big, because remember, We Treat Feet!

You can check us out on Facebook and Twitter as well!

 

Sources:

Prevent Your Child From Getting This Painful Foot Problem

When is it time to see a podiatrist?

Seventy-five percent of us will experience foot health problems of varying degrees of severity at one time or another in our lives.  Even Socrates knew how much feet could hurt.  He once said, “When your feet hurt, you hurt all over,” an expression later used as a slogan by the Dr. Scholl’s Company.

Despite the fact that so many people experience foot pain, only a fraction of people with foot pain seek medical treatment.  The reason?  Many people have the erroneous notion that their feet are supposed to hurt. Guess what? They are wrong.

While your feet endure a lot of abuse over a lifetime, constant foot pain is still not something you need to live with. And if rest, ice, anti-inflammatories (NSAIDS) or a change in shoes does not seem to do the trick, it is probably time to see your podiatrist.

However, foot pain is just one reason in which to schedule an appointment. Other problems that should be addressed by a medical professional include:

  • A wound that does not heal: If you have an open sore on your foot or ankle, you need to see a podiatrist. The longer that sore remains untreated, the greater your risk of contracting a skin or bone infection.
  • Discoloration:If one foot looks or feels different than the other, there may be a problem.
    • Redness may be an indication of an infection or gout.
    • Blue or purple color may indicate a vein problem.
    • Whiteness or paleness (pallor) may be a sign of decreased blood flow.
  • Numbness, Burning or Tingling: All three of these can be signs of neuropathy, which can lead to decreased sensation in your foot. Neuropathy puts you at a increased risk for developing foot ulcers.
  • Deformity: In the event of any sudden deformity, schedule an appointment with your podiatrist ASAP.
  • The arch of one foot flattens: If you notice that one foot seems flatter than the other, this could be a sign of tendon dysfunction or rupture. If not dealt with properly, this could lead to arthritis.
  • A mole with a peculiar shape or color: If a mole on your foot changes shape, gets bigger, bleeds, or changes color, see your podiatrist. This change could be due to melanoma.
  • A bump that grows or hurts: Have a podiatrist look at any lump that continues to get bigger or hurts. While this may be a simple cyst, it could be a much more serious condition, like a tumor.

So take care of your feet and don’t let small inconveniences turn into major medical problems.

If you have any other questions or wish to schedule an appointment, contact We Treat Feet Podiatry by clicking here to view our various locations and phone numbers!

We Treat Feet! That’s what we do. From the simplest nail problems, to the most complex foot deformities, we provide exceptional care in a kind and compassionate manner. We offer board certified physicians that have spent years learning the intricate structures and functions of the human foot and ankle. No knees or elbows here, only the best foot and ankle care available in Maryland.

From heel pain, bunions, Sports medicine injuries, broken bones, neuromas, hammertoes, and flatfeet to Achilles tendon problems, we have the most modern technology available to help you, including digital x-ray, diagnostic ultrasound, and vascular testing equipment.

Our physician team offers treatments for people of all ages, from infants to seniors. No foot is too big, no problem is too big, because remember, We Treat Feet!

You can check us out on Facebook and Twitter as well!

Sources:

Healthy Feet & Good Shoes Are Important For Your Overall Health!

Frequently Asked Questions About Podiatry

What is Podiatry?

Podiatry is a field of medicine that focuses on preventing, diagnosing, and treating conditions associated with the foot and ankle.

What is a podiatrist?

A podiatrist is a doctor of podiatric medicine (DPM), also known as a podiatric physician or surgeon. Podiatrists receive medical education and training comparable to medical doctors, including four years of undergraduate education, four years of graduate education at one of eight accredited podiatric medical colleges and two or three years of hospital residency training.

Podiatrists are uniquely qualified among medical professionals to treat the foot and ankle.

Are all podiatrists board certified?

A good majority of podiatrists are board certified, but not all. Certification is an earned credential for physicians who have achieved a certain level of success, based on completion of specific advanced training and clinical experience and examination. The certifying boards include:

•      The American Board of Podiatric Orthopedics and Primary Podiatric Medicine (ABPOPPM) is the certifying board for the specialty areas of podiatric orthopedics and primary podiatric medicine.

•      The American Board of Podiatric Surgery (ABPS) is the certifying board for the specialty area of foot and ankle surgery.

Do I need a referral?

In most cases, no. Patients who claim through their private health care provider do not need a referral.

Is treatment painful?

No. Most patients are surprised that they feel little to no pain…even patients with painful corns, calluses and ingrown toenails.

 

If you have any other questions or wish to schedule an appointment, contact We Treat Feet Podiatry by clicking here to view our various locations and phone numbers!

We Treat Feet! That’s what we do. From the simplest nail problems, to the most complex foot deformities, we provide exceptional care in a kind and compassionate manner. We offer board certified physicians that have spent years learning the intricate structures and functions of the human foot and ankle. No knees or elbows here, only the best foot and ankle care available in Maryland.

From heel pain, bunions, Sports medicine injuries, broken bones, neuromas, hammertoes, and flatfeet to Achilles tendon problems, we have the most modern technology available to help you, including digital x-ray, diagnostic ultrasound, and vascular testing equipment.

Our physician team offers treatments for people of all ages, from infants to seniors. No foot is too big, no problem is too big, because remember, We Treat Feet!

You can check us out on Facebook and Twitter as well!

Sources:

About Podiatry

Maryland Podiatric Medical Association

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