What is a Bunion?

A bunion (from the Latin “bunio,” meaning enlargement) is a protuberance of bone or tissue around the joint. The enlargement occurs either at the base of the great toe or on the outside of the foot, at the base of the little toe where it is called a “bunionette” or “tailor’s bunion.”

Bunions at the base of the great toe usually begin when the big toe begins to move toward the smaller toes, often due to tight, pointed shoes. This crowding puts pressure on the joint, pushing it outward. The movement of the joint in this outward direction starts the formation of a bunion.

A common deformity of the big toe joint, a bunion occurs mostly among people who wear shoes. Women are more frequently affected with bunions because of tight, pointed, confining or high-heeled shoes. Wearing high heels is especially stressful on the joints of the foot because all of the body’s weight rests there. The foot is then forced into a narrow, pointed “toe box”, compounding the problem. Older people are also vulnerable to bunions because of the higher incidence of arthritis affecting the big toe joint.

Men and women alike can be a greater risk for development of bunions due to a genetic predisposition or due to increased motion at all the joints of the foot because of a flat foot deformity.

Bunion CAUSES:


Bunion SIGNS:


Early Treatment

The main goal of early treatment is to relieve pressure on the bunion and smaller toes, and to diminish the progression of joint deformities.

Delayed Treatment

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Best Regards,
We Treat Feet Podiatry Team

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WeTreatFeet Podiatry, foot and ankle surgery and wound care